Type 2 diabetes

Food and keeping active

A healthy diet and keeping active will help you manage your blood sugar level. They’ll also help you control your weight and generally feel better.

Eating a healthy diet

There’s nothing you can’t eat, but you’ll have to limit certain foods.

You should:

If you need to change your diet, it might be easier to make small changes every week.

The charity Diabetes UK has lots of information on:

Once a year you should go for a regular diabetes check to make sure your blood pressure and your cholesterol (blood fats) level are ok.

Help with changing your diet

If you find it hard to change your diet, a dietitian might be able to help.

Talk to your GP or nurse if the cost could be covered through the NHS.

Find a dietitian

Keeping active

Physical exercise helps lower your blood sugar level. You should aim for 2.5 hours of activity per week.

You can be active anywhere, as long as what you’re doing makes you out of breath. This could be:

The charity Diabetes UK has tips on how to get active.

Managing your weight

Losing weight (if you’re overweight) will make it easier for your body lower your blood sugar level and can improve your blood pressure and cholesterol (blood fats).

To know whether you’re overweight, work out your body mass index (BMI).

If you need to lose weight, try and do it slowly over time, about 0.5 to 1 kilo a week.

The charity Diabetes UK has more information on healthy weight and weight loss.